The Pain of Salvadorian Women

The law provided blanket protection against criminal prosecution and civil penalties for crimes committed during the country’s civil war ( ), and the court’s ruling held that the Legislative Assembly did not have authority to grant an absolute amnesty. Nevertheless, the court held that the law continues to be enforced for those crimes committed during the civil war years that do not constitute serious human rights abuses.

Exceptional Article Gives You The Important Points on El Salvadorian Women That Only Some People Know Exist

Sometimes women are forced into the gangs themselves, subjected to violent initiations that can comprise rape, beatings and murder. Denying women their sexual and reproductive rights, leads directly to preventable maternal mortality and feminicide suicide. Some link the killings of women in Central America and Mexico directly what are salvadoran women like to the drug trade. Salvadoran Defense Minister General David Munguia Payes suggested, in response to 2011’s figures, that some of the victims were involved in local drug sales. One theory is that, in a culture where females are sometimes seen as property, gangs use the killing and abuse of women to strike at their rivals.

In the Amnesty International group of EF Academy Oxford, we are currently focusing on the issue of women in El Salvador getting imprisoned for something that they have technically not done. In El Salvador, abortion is a crime, even though the women’s health is at risk or she has been raped. Many women face up to 40 years of imprisonment if they seek an abortion. The problem is that so many are accused and therefore punished of doing so, when really they suffer from miscarriages or other complications following their pregnancies. These women have to stay in bad living conditions and most can’t afford good lawyers to represent them and are likely to experience an unfair trial. TheEl Salvador Institute for Women’s Developmentdealt with more than 6,000 cases of violence against women from January to November, 2010, including domestic violence, child abuse, assault and harassment, sexual exploitation and human trafficking. By integrating a gender dimension into its activities, this company has managed, in four years, to increase the participation of working women in its plants and offices by 5%.

Whether police response to gender-based violence is measured or evaluated by government agencies. Over the past several decades, women have joined insurgent armies in significant and surprising numbers. What are the long-term repercussions of this participation for the women themselves and the societies in which they live? Women in War answers these questions while providing a rare look at guerrilla life from the viewpoint of rank and-file participants in the FMLN rebel army. In the process, Women in War makes theoretical contributions to studies of gender, revolution, civil war, and political violence. A historic result is their contribution towards the development of a national system of data and statistics of violence against women.

This information can now inform decision makers, and the public, on the severity of the situation based on up-to-date evidence. It has allowed women to know their rights and through them include the perspective of women in many areas of social life like municipal matters, health and security services. Their efforts, funded through our projects, have also ensured the design of protocols to identify femicides. The Prosecutor´s Office has secured more dedicated funds and at least 40 prosecutors have been trained on national and international laws concerning women. Through ORMUSA´s advocacy, working alongside other women’s organisations, three specialised courts for Gender Based Violence cases have been established, and the opening of 33 Women´s Units at police stations around the country. A milestone in the struggle for women´s rights in the country was the approval of the Special Comprehensive Law of Violence Against Women in 2010, although its measures are not fully implemented yet. ORMUSA played a key part in drafting the proposal and was a leader in advocating for the change in the law which is now being considered.

Turning to the question of gender-desegregated data, she said that some was available. Innovative efforts had been made to completely revamp the country’s census and statistics office, which would undoubtedly include the gender perspective. She added that reliable data was available on access to micro-credit for both men and women in rural areas. Responding to a question about sexual harassment, Ms. ARGUETA said that crime was included in the penal code and could lead to a period of six months to a year in prison. If the victim was under the age of 12, the prison sentence ranged from six months to two years.

On March 17, 2011, the General Assembly passed the Law of Equality, Fairness, and the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, which improves the judicial framework for protecting women’s rights by implementing a set of regulations. The law mandates equality in pay between men and women and recognizes the value of domestic labor. In the seventh periodic report in 2007, the government of El Salvador responded to the Committee that the Salvadoran Constitution does address the issues of concern, citing articles 32, 37, 53, 65, 71, 72, and 101 of the country’s constitution. Although CEDAW may be correct in referring to El Salvador’s lack of implementation, the Salvadoran Constitution does address the issue of discrimination. Despite feeling they can only make small steps, in a limited area, they believe it is vital that they plant the seeds to try and motivate women to make the changes so desperately needed. With women’s rights training and support from organisations like FESPAD, these women can move forward and recover the public spaces where they have a right to speak out, be heard and live a life free from fear and violence.