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Upon divorce, if a woman retained child custody, did she stay in the family residence? During marriage, were children under the trusteeship of the father, or was it shared between mothers and families? Was the mother of an illegitimate child able to pursue legal means to establish paternity? Ms. TAVARES DA SILVA, expert from Portugal, asked for an explanation of the imbalances between men’s and women’s wages in certain sectors. She also noted the low level of contraceptive use in the country, and asked whether abortion was being used as a method of family planning. NAELA GABR, expert from Egypt, noted the grave disparity in literacy rates between urban and rural areas in El Salvador, and urged the country to stamp out illiteracy.

Although El Salvador’s economy has steadily grown over the past decade, a large proportion of the country’s population continues to live in poverty, and employment levels remain low. As is often the case, young people and women are particularly vulnerable to the socioeconomic situation. Food, climate and natural resources Advancing the right of people living in poverty to sustainable livelihoods has been a cornerstone of Oxfam’s work for many decades. Our goal is to enable millions of women and communities to become more resilient to a changing climate, and to secure access to the land and natural resources on which they depend. Gender justice and women’s rights Whether we are responding to an emergency, working on long terms projects with communities, or campaigning for lasting change, we tackle the inequality and deep-rooted discrimination that makes and keeps women poor. For nearly two decades, the dominant economic model promoted a rapid liberalization of markets and a reduction in social spending, with little investment in basic services such as education, health and drinking water. Public investment in the agricultural sector was minimal, converting the country into a net importer of grains and other basic products.

In 2018, a woman or girl was killed every day on average in El Salvador. More than 70 percent of Salvadoran women have experienced violence, but abuse and assault remain under-reported to authorities.

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By prioritizing the rights of a fetus over the rights of the woman, this amendment has had devastating consequences for women seeking emergency medical attention for obstetric complications. In some countries, similar harsh penalties are on the books but rarely enforced. This is not the case, however, in El Salvador, which has the highest rates of prosecutions in Central America of women accused of carrying out abortions.

Hyper-masculinised violence in a society that sanctions machismo continues to be an ever-present threat to all women, both within and outside the maras. A reduction of violence against women will continue to be a mirage as long as this is not made a priority for the Salvadoran state. During the first two months of 2012 there were 176 violent deaths of women. Following the agreements the number went down to 144 deaths for the remaining 10 months of the year. Women’s organisations question whether this means there has been a reduction of violence against women more widely within society. The maras have offered to abandon violence in exchange for their reintegration into society through employment opportunities and educational programmes.

Women and girls who resist this domination and attempt to assert their rights to be free from it face increased violence at the hands of their abusers, who may be either unknowns, family members, or in the Turcio case, intimate partners. In 2019, there were 1,218 Salvadoran women listed as victims of disappearance, abductions, or unexplained missing person cases, with232 confirmed femicides in 2018. However, scholars, journalists, and civil society members who focus on gender-based violence in El Salvador know that thereal numbersare much higher. Homicides might have decreased but for women this is hardly a miracle.

  • In a landmark conviction by a Salvadoran judge on January 31, Mario Huezowas given the maximum sentence of50 years in prison for the 2018 killing of Salvadoran journalist Karla Turcio, his girlfriend and mother of their son.
  • As students of laws and constitutions around the world know, such documents are frequently aspirational on paper and very rarely reflected in practice.
  • EmpoderArte, a Peruvian-based NGO which offers a decentralised film education to women, Karoline organises and runs workshops up and down Peru, mobilising hundreds of women to discover and embrace the emancipatory power of storytelling.
  • While prosecuting one femicide in El Salvador does not undo the country’s entrenched and dangerous patriarchy, it is a start.
  • The country has seen a five-fold increase in femicides over the last decade, according to ORMUSA, while its murder rate has roughly doubled in the same period.
  • Though the Salvadoran Congress passed the Special Comprehensive Law for a Violence-free Life for Women, which went into effect in 2012, the conviction rate for gender-based crimes remainsextremely low.

During the reporting period, according to the report, activity by women’s organizations included the preparation of the “Platform for Salvadoran Women, ”, which aimed to change the balance of power in political, economic and social areas. Zoila de Innocenti, Executive Director of the Institute for the Advancement of Women, told the Committee that the protection of rape victims, as well as their access to the legal system, was the Institute’s major area of work. On the issue of prostitution, Ms. Argueta said the country currently had laws against promoting and carrying out prostitution. In addition, trafficking in persons was subject to a four to eight year prison sentence, or longer, if the trafficking involved women or girls.

The law does not specify which services meet this definition, and courts therefore apply this provision on a case-by-case basis. In addition, unions may strike only to obtain or modify a collective bargaining agreement or to protect the common professional interests of the workers. They must also engage in negotiation, mediation, and arbitration processes before striking, although many groups often skipped or went through these steps quickly. The law prohibits workers from appealing a government decision declaring a strike illegal. From January to May, ISNA reported providing psychological assistance to 131 children for physical and psychological abuse and 134 for sexual violence. The law prohibits discrimination based on gender; nevertheless, women suffered from cultural, economic, and societal discrimination. The law requires equal pay for equal work, but according to the 2015 World Economic Forum Global Gender Gap Report, the average wage paid to women for comparable work was 60 percent of compensation paid to men.